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Vilayanur Subramanian Ramachandran (born 10 August 1951) is a neuroscientist known primarily for his work in the fields of behavioral neurology and visual psychophysics. He is currently a Professor in the Department of Psychology and the Graduate Program in Neurosciences at the University of California, San Diego. Ramachandran is the author of several books that have garnered widespread public interest. These include Phantoms in the Brain (1998), “A Brief Tour of Human Consciousness” (2004) and The Tell-Tale Brain (2010).
Ramachandran is noted for his use of experimental methods that make relatively little use of complex technologies such as neuroimaging. Despite the simplicity of his experiments, he has generated many new ideas about the brain. Ramachandran has encountered skepticism about some of his theories. Ramachandran has responded that “I have—for better or worse—roamed the whole landscape of visual perception, stereopsis, phantom limbs, denial of paralysis, Capgras syndrome, synaesthesia, and many others.” His books, interviews, and lectures have helped build public interest in contemporary neuroscience. In 2011, Time listed him as one of “the most influential people in the world” on the “Time 100 list”.