Alfred Rupert Sheldrake (born 28 June 1942) is an English author, and researcher in the field of parapsychology, who developed the concept of “morphic resonance”. He worked as a biochemist and cell biologist at Cambridge University from 1967 to 1973 and as principal plant physiologist at the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics in India until 1978.Sheldrake’s morphic resonance conjecture posits that “memory is inherent in nature” and that “natural systems, such as termite colonies, or pigeons, or orchid plants, or insulin molecules, inherit a collective memory from all previous things of their kind”. Sheldrake proposes that it is also responsible for “telepathy-type interconnections between organisms”. His advocacy of the idea encompasses paranormal subjects such as precognition, telepathy and the psychic staring effect as well as unconventional explanations of standard subjects in biology such as development, inheritance, and memory.Morphic resonance is not accepted by the scientific community as a measurable phenomenon and Sheldrake’s proposals relating to it have been characterised as pseudoscience. Critics cite a lack of evidence for morphic resonance and an inconsistency between the idea and data from genetics and embryology. They also express concern that popular attention paid to Sheldrake’s books and public appearances undermines the public’s understanding of science.Sheldrake’s ideas have found support in the New Age movement from individuals such as Deepak Chopra.